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Reposted from Cranky Grammarians by Ojibwa

One of the common rumors of the twenty-first century is that there may be some misinformation on the internet, and, even worse, this misinformation is cited in Congress, repeated in the news media, and pontificated by politicians and pundits. This misinformation ranges from the ridiculous—the IRS has brown shirts who are going to take your guns away and force you to sign up for Obamacare—to the scientifically illiterate—there’s a cabal of evil scientists who are making up reports about global warming so that they can get rich—to the innocuous—the government doesn’t make money. This means that there is a need to debunk this misinformation.

All of this brings up the question of etymology: where does “debunk” come from?   The answer below the squiggle.

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Reposted from Street Prophets by Ojibwa

Greetings!

I thought that this week I'd share with you a short hike I took in an area of Prague entirely unknown to tourists-- my back yard. I live in one of the pre-fabricated, rebar-laden concrete, "rabbit-hutch", communist era, housing estates on the southern edge of Prague. But never fear, I won't be posting photos of my immediate neighborhood. Some other time perhaps?

As it so happens, I live near one side of a beautiful valley-- more of a ravine really. If you know entirely too much about paleontology you might have heard of the Prokop Valley (note regarding the wikilink-- the Prokop Valley does not encompass the stream called "Dalejský potok" that is in a different valley that joins the Prokop Valley. Surprisingly, you can't trust everything you read on Wikipedia). I keep my eyes open for fossils when I hike around there but I never seem to find anything. It's a pretty vast area dominated by limestone cliffs and basalt outcrops. Below the ginger hairball I'll take you up to the top of the cliffs seen in the background of the following photo...

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Reposted from shortfinals by shortfinals

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Reposted from Hellraisers Journal by JayRaye
You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.

-Mother Jones

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Saturday February 6, 1904
From The Labor World: Mother Jones on Rockefeller's Profits from Company Coal Towns.

MOTHER JONES
Says Rockefeller Oppresses the Coal Miners.

Hastings, Colo., Feb. 5.-"Rockefeller's mining company cleared $39,000 [*] last year, and every dollar of it was wrung form the miners," says Mother Jones, the miners' friend, who is now going up and down among the striking miners in Colorado.

"At some of these mining camps a miner is not even allowed to bring a pound of butter from the outside. He is compelled to buy everything at the company's store. Every man who comes to the mines to work must be searched, and when he goes to visit a friend outside the camp an armed guard goes with him.

"What would a Chicago workingman think if he had to pay 90 cents for a quart of syrup that cost a wholesale $1.25 a gallon? What would he think if his employer taxed him a dollar a month for a doctor whether he needed one or not? What would he think if he was obliged to pay his employer 50 cents a month for a preacher?

Yet such are Mr. Rockefeller's Sunday school methods of conducting his mining business in Colorado," says Mother Jones.

*The figure of $39,000 is far too low to be the amount of profit from Rockefeller's mining interests in Colorado. We think that, perhaps, Mother was referring to the amount of profit generated by the company town at Hastings, for, besides the profit made from coal mining, the operators also expect the company town to turn a profit. The miners are charged high prices at the company store. They are not allowed to shop elsewhere. Rent for the company shack is deducted from their pay in advance.

SOURCES
The Labor World
(Duluth, Minnesota)
-of Feb 6, 1904

History of the Labor Movement in the United States Vol. 5
Th AFL in the Progressive Era 1910-1915
-by Philip S Foner
International Pub, 1980
(Both the 1903-04 & 1913-14 Colorado Coalfield strikes are covered in this volume.)

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Friday February 6, 1914
Ludlow Tent Colony, Colorado - Mary Thomas describes a company town.

Coal shack in company town.
Mary Thomas, the greet-singer at the Ludlow Tent Colony, came from Wales with her two little daughters last July. Her husband, Tom, picked her up at the Trinidad train depot, and on the way back to the Delagua mining camp, he warned her in a whisper, "Don't talk about anything important within hearing of that stool pigeon driver for the company." As they approached the camp he cautioned her, "Don't be nervous if the mine guards question you. I'll answer their questions."

It was dark when they arrived at that camp, and two big guards shined their lights into the automobile, inspecting Mary and the two little girls. Tom was thoroughly interrogated and had to explain to the satisfaction of the mine guards that he was bringing his wife and children into the camp. Finally, they were permitted to enter.

Mary states that she was completely demoralized when she saw the tumbled down shack that was to be her home. The door opened directly onto the dirt street in front of the house. There was no front yard and no porch, only a block of wood for a step. The cupboard was broken, the chairs were rickety, and the walls were lined with thin cardboard, torn and sagging in several places. Should a fire ever get started, she thought, the shack would go up in flames like a tinderbox.

We will hear more tomorrow from Mary Thomas on life in a company town.

SOURCE
Those Damn Foreigners
-by Mary T. O'Neal
Minerva Book

Photo: Company shack in company town.
http://www.miningartifacts.org/...
(Used here to represent company shacks at Delagua.)

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Reposted from Hellraisers Journal by JayRaye
You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.

-Mother Jones

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Friday February 5, 1904
From the Cincinnati Enquirer: No agreement reached between miners and operators.

MINERS
Will Issue Another Call
For a Joint Conference With the Operators To Decide the Wage Question

Indianapolis, Ind., February 4.-Indiana, Ohio and Western Pennsylvania miners and operators, who adjourned their joint convention without reaching an agreement on the scale and working conditions for the year beginning April 1, have left the city. They will probably return to Indianapolis in the first or second week in March, in response to a call that will be issued February 15 for an extra joint conference. Though the miners' policy has not yet been announced, it is thought that when the date shall be selected for the second conference the miners will call another convention to meet in Indianapolis the two or three days preceding the joint conference. If called that convention will outline more definite plans for the guidance of the miners' scale committeemen. The operators left Indianapolis saying in most positive terms that they propose to hold out for the 1902 contract. The miners made as positive statements that the present contract must be readopted. Should there be a deadlock in the next conference there will be a general suspension of coal mining in the four states on April 1.

And, in further labor news from the Enquirer, we can see that even the poorest of workers are resisting wage cuts during these hard economic times:
STRIKES IN CHICAGO

Chicago. February 4.- Nine hundred young women, boys and men employed in the Northern Branch of the American Can Company, at Maywood, quit work to-day, following the example of 500 workers at the Diesel branch of the same concern, who struck yesterday. The strike is in consequence of a wage cut of 10 per cent. Fifty boxmakers and 100 machinists and die-makers at the Norton plant later joined the strikers, claiming that an agreement with their employers had been violated when the reduction in wages was made.
SOURCE

The Cincinnati Enquirer
(Cincinnati, Ohio)
-of Feb 5, 1904

Photo: Child Factory Labor, Boy Carrying Cans
http://reelfoto.blogspot.com/...
Used here to represent child labor in can factory.

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Thursday February 5, 1914
Trinidad, Colorado - Wholesale arrests of strikers and organizers continues.

Last Sunday the men and women from the strikers' tent colonies paraded in Trinidad, 1200 strong. General Chase, this time, kept his troops in their camp and did not in anyway interfere with the protest. However, the General is continuing his policy of arrests of strikers and union organizers. We have received this report from the strike zone:

James T. Davis, Aguilar marshal, and Albert J. McGuire, secretary of the Aguilar union local, were arrested and hustled off to jail for no apparent reason. William Diamond, in charge of union headquarters in Trinidad was held in jail for three days without a charge being mad against him. Frank Miner, who had served as a member of the federations's investigating committee, was jailed when the militia intercepted him as he was en-route to the Starkville and Morley tent colonies with food, clothing and shoes for the colonists. P. Tomca, a striker at Starkville, was dragged out of his house and carted off to jail because he refused militiamen permission to open a package of meat while they were making a search of his home. His three motherless children were found near death from freezing the next morning when neighbors entered the house.
SOURCE
Out of the Depths
The Story of John R. Lawson a Labor Leader

-by Barron B Beshoar
CO, 1980
(1st ed 1942)

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Wed Feb 05, 2014 at 08:20 AM PST

Old Cars: Before 1920 (Photo Diary)

by Ojibwa

 photo DSCN1109_zps9ff36e98.jpg

During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the American automobile industry was in its infancy. Inventors experimented with many different designs. They tried means of propulsion that included internal combustion engines, steam engines, and electric engines. Many entrepreneurs launched new companies many of which failed to survive the Great Depression of the 1930s.

 photo DSCN1110_zpsff102c86.jpg

The Western Antique Aeroplane and Automobile Museum in Hood River, Oregon has a collection of more than 100 automobiles. Shown below are some photographs of cars from 1899 to 1919.

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Reposted from shortfinals by shortfinals

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Reposted from Hellraisers Journal by JayRaye
You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.

-Mother Jones

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Thursday February 4, 1904
New York, New York - Rose Schneiderman on How the Women Cap Makers Got Their Pay

Rose Schneiderman
at her sewing machine.
The women Cap Makers succeeded last year in organizing themselves into a local, charted as Local 23. The young local immediately got down to work, making some adjustments in when the women get their paychecks. Rose Schneiderman tells the story:
[In] June we decided to put our strength to the test. In the summer the men usually worked only half-day on Saturdays, which was pay day. But even when there was no work we women had to hang around until three or four o'clock before getting our pay. I headed a committee which informed Mr. Fox that we wanted to be paid at the same time as the men...After I presented our case he studied me with a grin and then said, "You want your pay, do you? Well, Ill see about it." He didn't say outright that he agreed; he wouldn't give us that much satisfaction. But on the first Saturday in July, when we went for our pay at twelve noon, there it was ready for us.
The young union local also took part in the Cap Maker's Convention which opened on the first of May last year. The Union Cap Makers all took the day off without pay, declaring the day to be a holiday. Rose Schneiderman was elected delegate. Later the women took part in the parade, riding in a wagon, it not being considered ladylike for women to march in the streets on foot.

We are happy to see these young women organizing themselves into a union alongside the men, and hope that one day they will follow the example of Mother Jones who formed the women of the mine camps into armies which fought the scabs with mops and brooms in a most unladylike fashion.

SOURCES

All For One
-by Rose Schneiderman
-with Lucy Goldthwaite
NY, 1967

The Autobiography of Mother Jones
-ed by Mary Field Parton
Charles H Kerr Pub, 1990
Pittston Strike Commemorative Edition

See Also:Thursday April 23, 1903
New York City, New York - Women Organize Local of Cap Makers Union
http://www.dailykos.com/...

Photo: Rose Schneiderman at her sewing machine
http://bofarrell.net/...

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Wednesday February 4, 1914
Trinidad, Colorado - Mary Thomas with her daughters in filthy cell, keeps on singing!

Mary Thomas, noted singer and resident of the Ludlow Tent Colony, was one of the women arrested on January 23rd, the day that General Chase tumbled from his horse and ordered his troops to "Ride Down the Women!" Soon her two little daughters, three and four, were brought to her, and the three of them were held in the filthy cold cell for several days.

Her crime was talking back to an officer who had ordered her to move off the sidewalk from where she had been watching the parade. She told him:

You go on and go wash your dirty clothes you have on before you order me off of the sidewalk.
The militiaman began to pull her and she fought back using her fingernails on him. She was taken to jail where she placed a call to Louie Tikas at the Ludlow Tent Colony to let him know of her arrest.

At night she stood at the broken window and sang beautiful arias to her supporters gathered outside in the ally. She gives this account:

Then the hundreds of men prisoners in the basement jail...joined in. It almost drove the police and military out of their minds. It caught on through town, and soon all you could hear was "Union Forever" throughout Trinidad.

I continued this procedure daily. The crowds came, and grew bigger and bigger. Finally it got so that the police had to disperse them. This made them angry and they would break the jail windows. It was no use to replace the panes, for they would just be broken again the next day.

Apparently, the little girls also caused some trouble in the jail cell. Mrs. Thomas tells the story of her release:
In the middle of the night two officers came rattling the door. "What are you trying to do?" they yelled. I didn't know what they were talking about having been wakened out of a sound sleep. Then I noticed that the place was swimming in water. My children must not have turned off the tap. A mopping crew came immediately, supervised by a guard.

A few hours later the jailer and another man unlocked our door and said angrily, "Get out!"

"What? Without notice?" I said jokingly.

"Get out , and take that wrecking crew with you!" I lost no time in obeying that welcome command, and we headed for the union headquarters.

SOURCES

Buried Unsung
Louis Tikas and the Ludlow Massacre

-by Zeese Papanikolas
U of Utah Press, 1982

Those Damn Foreigners
-by Mary T[homas] O'Neal
Minerva Book, 1971

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Tue Feb 04, 2014 at 08:28 AM PST

Indians 101: Redskins

by Ojibwa

Reposted from Native American Netroots by Ojibwa

In 1722, Samuel Shuttle, the governor of Massachusetts, declared total war on the Abenaki. Part of the concern of the English colonists was the presence of Jesuits among the Abenaki. The colonial Puritans were vehemently anti-Catholic and particularly anti-Jesuit. Father Sebastian Rasles had strongly encouraged the Abenaki to defend their lands and themselves against the English colonists.

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Reposted from Hellraisers Journal by JayRaye
You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.

-Mother Jones

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Wednesday February 3, 1904
Boston, Massachusetts - First Executive Board Meeting of WTUL to Convene in March

 

As the newly elected Executive Board of the recently formed National Women's Trade Union League prepares to hold its first meeting, they must consider the ongoing economic crisis. Much of the early optimism regarding the organizing ability of the League has dissipated as unemployment increases. Competition between men and women for fewer and fewer jobs also, sadly, increases the hostility of the male dominated trades unions towards the organization of women.

The employers are only too ready to use the crisis to their own advantage. They are forming anti-union alliances, and using well-worn anti-union tactics to crush labor organizing, such as: blacklists, ironclad oaths (yellow-dog contracts), court injunctions, wage cuts and speedups. While the employers remain willing to use the men against the women, and the women against the men, they seek to crush the unions of both equally.

This is a difficult time for the young organization to attempt to inspire women to join unions in order that they might fight for better pay, shorter hours, and decent working conditionals. Yet the work of the Women's Trade Union League will continue in spite of all difficulties encountered.

SOURCE
Women and the American Labor Movement
From Colonial Times to the Eve of World War I

-Philip S Foner
NY, 1979

Photo: Seal of the National Women's Trade Union League
http://www.nwhm.org/...

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Tuesday February 3, 1914
From The Indianapolis Star: "House Mine Committees To Inquire into Strikes"

Washington, Feb. 1-Subcommittees of the House committee on mines will leave Washington next Wednesday night for the West to investigate the Colorado and Michigan mine strikes. The Colorado investigators, Representatives Foster, Illinois, chairman; Byrnes, South Carolina; Evans, Montana (Democrats); Austin, Tennessee, and Sutherland, west Virginia (Republicans), will go first to Denver, then to Trinidad and Pueblo and later to Boulder.

Representatives Taylor of Colorado, chairman; Hamlin, Mississippi; Carey, Pennsylvania (Democrats); Howell, Utah, and Switzer, Ohio (Republicans), the subcommittee for the Michigan inquiry, will go direct to Calumet and take in Houghton and other places in the strike-affected area.

None of the committeemen would venture a prediction as to how long their tasks would occupy them.

SOURCE
The Indianapolis Star
(Indianapolis, Indiana)
-of  Feb 2, 1914

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Mon Feb 03, 2014 at 08:18 AM PST

History 101: The Overland Automobile

by Ojibwa

The twentieth century was the century of the automobile in which this machine went from the plaything of the wealthy to an important part of everyday life for most people. During the first part of the twentieth century, many entrepreneurs began to design, manufacture, and market automobiles. Most of these early manufacturers failed to survive the Great Depression of the 1930s. One of these early companies was the Overland Automobile Company.

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Sun Feb 02, 2014 at 04:41 PM PST

BAK Open Thread: Barrio Historico

by Azazello

Reposted from Baja Arizona Kossacks by Ojibwa

Bienvenidos

      Welcome to yet another Baja Arizona Kossacks Open Thread. As most of you know by now, our next Meet-Up will take place in Barrio Historico at Cushing Street Bar and Restaurant on Saturday, Feb. 8 starting around 6 p.m. When we first started planning this it looked like Winter was over and Spring had sprung, so I made the reservation for the patio outside. Unfortunately, an icy blast of winter weather is predicted. It may only get up into the 60s that day. Not to worry, they have those outdoor propane heater things at Cushing Street so we'll probably be OK.

       

      This is a street in the old barrio. You can see the typical Sonoran architecture; parapet-roof, adobe row houses with their front doors right on the sidewalk. It's about all that's left of the real Old Tucson, the Mexican town that has been here since before there ever was a U.S.A. This part of town fairly reeks of history. I thought I would explain a little of it so I won't be tempted to bore you with it Saturday night. More below ...

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